Abelard og Héloïse

Klassisk romantisk par, fra en selvbiografisk brevroman udgivet af Peter Abelard.
Abelard var en ung teolog og filosof, der fik til opgave at undervise Héloïse, men forelskede sig i hende. De giftede sig i hemmelighed, men han tvinges i munkekloster, og de måtte udtrykke deres kærlighed gennem breve.
Historien kendes fra Abelards selvbiografi, der indeholdt mange af brevene de sendte til hinanden. I senere populariseringer fremstilles Héloïses onkel og værge, Fulbert, som en hidsigprop der vil forhindre deres ægteskab og kastrerer Abelard før han tvinges i kloster.
Mere sansynligt er dog at Abelard og Héloïse selv var imod den fysiske side af ægteskabet, og foretrak den platoniske adskillelse af filosofiske grunde.
Det ældste eksisterende manuskript er fra 1350, og siden deres møde fandt sted cirka 1118 kan det ikke udelukkes at det hele er fiktion.

Danske encyklopædi.

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  • Letters of Abelard and Heloise — (Peter Abelard and Heloise) (ca. 1135)    Among the most admired texts documenting a real life medieval love affair are the letters between Peter ABELARD, the renowned philosopher and cleric, and his one time pupil HELOISE, abbess of the… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Héloïse et Abélard — est une pièce de théâtre en trois actes écrite par l écrivain Roger Vailland qui a obtenu en 1949 le Prix Ibsen et parue aux éditions Corrêa en 1947. Lors de sa création, elle sera jouée au théâtre des Mathurins …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abelard — Pierre Abélard Pierre Abélard Philosophe et Scientifique Époque médiévale Abélard et Héloïse. Naissance : 1079 ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heloise (abbess) — The letters of Héloïse (1101 16 May 1164) and Peter Abelard are among the best known records of early romantic love. Background Though Héloïse (also spelled Helöise, Hélose, Eloise, Heloisa, Helouisa, and Aloysia, among other variations) is best… …   Wikipedia

  • Héloïse d’Argenteuil — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Héloïse (homonymie). Les Amours d Héloïse et d Abélard par Jean Vignaud (1819) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heloïse — (1101–1164)    Heloïse is best known as one half of the Middle Ages’ most celebrated couple. The romantic correspondence she shared with Pierre Abélard makes up what is, perhaps, the most legendary account of passionate, romantic love. Having… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Abelard, Peter — born 1079, Le Pallet, near Nantes, Brittany died April 21, 1142, Priory of Saint Marcel, near Chalon sur Saône, Burgundy French theologian and philosopher. The son of a knight, he abandoned his inheritance to study philosophy. He became private… …   Universalium

  • Abelard, Peter — (Pierre Abelard) (1079–1142)    Perhaps the most famous man in Europe in his own lifetime, Peter Abelard was a renowned teacher, philosopher, theologian,writer and lover, as famous for his celebrated affair with HELOISE as for his provoking… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Héloïse — /el oh eez /; Fr. /ay law eez /, n. 1. 1101? 64, French abbess: pupil of and secretly married to Pierre Abélard. Cf. Abélard. 2. a female given name, French form of Eloise or Louise. * * * ▪ French nun born c. 1098 died May 15, 1164, Paraclete… …   Universalium

  • Abelard, Peter — (1079–1142)    Theologian.    Abelard was born at Pallet, near Nantes in France. He attracted large audiences to his theological lectures at the Cathedral Schools of Paris. After his love affair with Héloïse, the niece of Fulbert, Canon of Notre… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

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